Infertility can be traced to many sources. Hormonal imbalance, the body’s inability to produce enough viable eggs, prolapsed uterus, congenital defects in the uterus or other female organs, and decreased sperm count are just a few of the common causes of infertility. Infertility may also be caused by the use of certain medications. Conditions such as endometriosis may also increase the risk of infertility if it begins to get progressively worse. If couples have tried to conceive unsuccessfully for 12 months or longer, their gynecologist may suggest performing some tests to uncover the cause of infertility and recommend different ways to possibly correct the problem.
If the problem has to do with hormonal imbalances within the woman’s reproductive system, the doctor may suggest using hormone replacement therapy to help stimulate the production and release of healthy, mature eggs. HRT can also regulate other processes within the body, making it easier for the woman to carry the child to term. Hormone replacement therapy may only be an option for a select few, but when bringing the body’s hormone levels back into balance, it is often the recommended treatment of choice. If the problem is endometriosis, controlling the condition with HRT may make it possible for a woman to conceive, but a physician should closely monitor the situation to make sure everything goes smoothly.
While infertility cannot be “treated” per se, the condition can be remedied through the use of new forms of technology. In vitro fertilization, for example, allows for an egg to be fertilized outside of the womb, and, once an embryo has been established, implanted back into the mother’s womb. Other options include injecting the sperm directly into the egg while it is still in the mother’s body. This can be less disruptive for the fetus and will allow the sperm a greater chance at reaching its destination and producing a viable embryo.
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